There are concerning twenty 5,000 recognized species of bees international (concerning 4,000 inside the United States), all of which might be categorised beneath the superfamily Apoidea. These are divided into 9 households, 4 of that are very tiny in terms of numbers of species.
We generally tend to are maximum acquainted with one family of bees, Apidae, which incorporates honey bees and bumblebees. Honey bees, of course, manufacture honey; those are social bees that stay in colonies of 50,000 to 60,000 personnel, 3 hundred drones, and now and again a unmarried queen. Honey bee colonies are very advanced in phrases of behavior and normal perform; those bees behave for the survival of the colony, and no longer for man or woman survival. There are ten huge varieties of honey bee global, and one hybrid variety, the Africanized bee, or “killer bee.” The European honey bee is most commonly stored through beekeepers, for the cause of harvesting honey and bee byproducts.
Bumblebees are from the family Apidae, however bumblebee colonies are a good deal smaller than those of honey bees, typically web hosting only a few hundred worker bees. Like honey bees, bumblebees are top notch pollinators of numerous plant life; their bodies are quite bushy, trapping pollen actually due to the fact the bees flow from flower to flower to consume. And bumblebees do in fact create honey, comparable in texture and taste to honey from honey bees however greenish-golden in tint in place of the natural golden colour of regular honey. Bumblebees create distinctly small portions of honey — their colonies are therefore tiny — and it is tough to reap, as a consequence bumblebee honey is usually not found on the market.
There are yet extra members of the Apidae circle of relatives, solitary as opposed to colonizing. Digger bees typically build their nests in the soil, rearing their younger in soil tunnels; their bodies are furry, and commonly up to 3 centimeters long. Digger bees generally nest in close proximity to each other, giving the appears of a colony, however each woman is performing independently, defensive and collecting pollen for her young. These bees are nonaggressive and will no longer sting unless they may be trapped in clothing. Carpenter bees, on the alternative hand, nest in preceding wood; like digger bees, they’re solitary, however often nest in shut proximity to every other.
Leafcutter bees and mason bees are members of the Megachilidae own family; they’re solitary, with leafcutters developing nests in hole plant stems and equipped-created holes in wood and mason bees nesting in previous mortar and diverse crevices. With solitary bees, it is the female that friends and rears her young on her own; like social bees, the males serve no motive apart from to mate with fertile women. Many of these solitary bees are an increasing number of being reared commercially for pollination functions, mainly as honey bee populations around the globe are dwindling for as but unexplained motives.